Research Article

Economics of using concentrated organic manures as sources nutrients for cultivation of green chillies (Capsicum annuum L.)

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K Vinoth Kumar

Published on: 29 Jun 2018 | Pages: 1-4

In view of the economic importance of organic farming, the present study was taken up to evaluate the economics of using concentrated organic manures for cultivation of green chillies. The experiment consisted of seven treatments, comprising of organic treatment, inorganic treatment, and combination of both organic and inorganic treatment and an absolute control with three replications. Combined application of both organic and inorganic manures through 75 per cent jatropha oil cake, 25 per cent RDF and three per cent foliar spray of panchagavya recorded highest value of net return and Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR).


Efficacy of seed dressing chemicals against seed and soil borne diseases of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

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Rajani V.V., D.K. Davara, L.K. Dhaduk

Published on: 29 Jun 2018 | Pages: 5-9

The effect of seed dressing chemicals on cotton seedling stand establishment against soil borne diseases and yield were assessed in field experiment conducted at Cotton Research Station Junagadh Agricultural University Junagadh during 2013, 2014 and 2015. Results of three years pooled data indicated that all fungicidal treatments increase the germination as compare to control. Maximum seed germination percent was recorded to given seed treatment of carboxin 37.5% + thiram 37.5% DS @ 4.5 g/kg seed against seedling diseases of cotton Rhizoctonia solani and Fusarium sp. The pooled mortality percent was significantly minimum (5.70%) recorded in treatment Carboxin 37.5% + Thiram 37.5% DS, 4.5g/kg seed, followed by Carboxin 37.5% + Thiram 37.5% DS, 3.5g/kg seed (7.02%) as compare to control(17.70%). The significantly maximum seed cotton yield of 1754 kg/ha was recorded in treatment of Carboxin 37.5% + Thiram 37.5% DS, 4.5g/kg seed, followed by Carboxin 37.5% + Thiram 37.5% DS, 3.5g/kg seed (1712kg/ha) as compare to control1205 kg/ha seed cotton yield. Economical point of view the seed treatment of Carboxin 37.5% + Thiram 37.5% DS(Vitavax power) @ 3.5g/kg seed  was found effective in reducing the  mortality percent of soil borne diseases & highest CBR (1:261.3) with  net return of Rs. 21,212/ha. The most important variable in these experiments was maximum germination percent so that farmer can maintain plant population of cotton.



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