Free access | Research Note

Phytochemical and proximate compositions of Annona senegalensis flower

Aminu Mubarak, Jibrin Naka Keta, Abdullahi Muhammad Tilli, Shehu Musa

Published on: 31 Mar 2022 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.37446/jinagri/rsn/9.1.2022.1-5 | Volume: 9, Issue: 1 | Pages: 1-5 |



Macro and micronutrients plays a vital role in many metabolic and physiological activities of human body including synthesis of enzymes, monitored growths, and boosts immune and reproductive systems. The Annona senegalensis flowers were obtained from Zuru and Aliero L.G.As farms and subjected to phytochemical and proximate screening using Association of official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) methods. From the results obtained, phytochemical screening shows the presences of flavonoid, saponin, glycosides, alkaloids, cardiac glycoside, steroids and volatile oil while tannins, balsams and anthraquinnes were not detected. The proximate composition revealed the presences of carbohydrate (76.96 ± 0.34), crude protein (8.37 ± 013), moisture contents (7.67 ± 0.76), ash (7.33 ± 0.29), lipid (4.17 ± 0.29) and fiber (3.17) with different values contents. While the results of minerals analyzed showed that, potassium 38.00 ± 1.00 and sodium 36.33 ± 1.53 had the highest values followed by magnesium 3.77 ± 0.15, nitrogen 1.34 ± 0.02, calcium 1.23 ± 0.12 and phosphorus with less value of 1.34 ± 0.02. All these values obtained showed significant increase in micro and macronutrients contents of Annona senegalensis flowers at P>0.05. It was concluded that, Annona senegalensis flowers contains some important elements that have the ability to improve human body, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable land care and improve on socioeconomic development in the research areas and Kebbi state when properly utilized.





;